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All About Seahorses and Sea-Dragons

The seahorse and the sea draogns are weird creatures. They are beautiful to look at, gentle and graceful, but they aren't good swimmers and often die in storms. More bizarre, their males carry the younglings, not the female. However, their colors, grace and grace make them a pleasure to look at.
The 'Lined Seahorse' (or Spotted seahorse) In ancient Greek, hippos meant 'horse' and kampos meant 'sea monster', and so the seahorse's real name is 'Hippocampus', along with other varieties of fish. The lined seahorse is about 15 cm (6 inches) long and lives about 4 years.

Beautiful seahorse in rainbow colors - Hamburg, Germany.

This is a leafy sea dragon. The leafy sea dragon is a master of camouflage, hiding among the plants from the many predators around it.

This is the weedy sea dragon. It looks a little less and a bit more like a seahorse. They use their prodigious snout to suck up tiny creatures for food. A weird fact about this creature: It swims sideways!

A beautiful and delicate looking sea dragon at Birch Aquarium in San Diego. The leafy sea dragon will get to a length of about 35 cm (13.8 inches). Its cousin, the weedy dragon, can reach bigger sizes of up to 46 cm (18 inches) in length.

Lacking both teeth and a stomach, the seahorse must constantly eat to make up for its poor digestive skills.

A blue and pink Leafy seadragon. Seadragons are mostly found near South and West Australia.

A thorny (or spiny) seahorse. Mainly propelled by a small fin on its back, the seahorse is not the strongest of swimmers. When there's a storm, they often die as they cannot swim well enough to avoid being tossed around by it.

A curious seahorse is looking for food. One of the strangest things about seahorses is that the male gets pregnant, not the female.

Yet these are not pregnant seahorses; these are the Pot-Bellied seahorses, one of the largest seahorse species.

A beautiful red thorny seahorse. This is one of many endangered seahorse species which were decimated for its use in traditional Chinese medicine.

Incredibly effective camouflage.

Stunning photos of a gray and a yellow seahorse at Zurich Zoo.

A leafy sea dragon making friends with a weedy one.

The leafy seadragon uses the fins along the side of its head to allow it to steer and turn. However, its outer skin is fairly rigid, limiting mobility. Individual leafy seadragons have been observed remaining in one location for extended periods of time (up to 68 hours) but will sometimes move for lengthy periods. The tracking of one individual indicated it moved at up to 150 meters (490 feet) per hour.

The pygmy seahorse is found in coastal areas ranging from southern Japan and Indonesia to northern Australia and New Caledonia on reefs and slopes at a depth of 1040 meters (33130 ft)

Close up of a leafy sea dragon.

Close up of a weedy sea dragon (left) and eggs hanging on the male weedy sea dragon (right).

Every morning, seahorse couples do a mating dance in order to reinforce their permanent bond. They will mate for life.

The difference between a pot-bellied seahorse and a lined seahorse.

A male courts a female for days before potentially mating. During the courting ritual, seahorses will curl their tails around each other.

Married for life.

Spectacular shot of two kissing seahorses.

A thorny seahorse. Thorny sea horses can change their color at will to blend in with its environment.

A lone seahorse, floating.
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Caballitos de mar / Seahorses and Sea dragons


اگر آپ اپنے بہت زیادہ وزن سے پریشان ہیں تو فکرمند ہونا چھوڑ دیں کیونکہ آ پ اپنا وزن چند آسان باتوں سے کم کرسکتے ہیں ۔جب آپ کے کھانے پینے کی عادات اور طرزِ زندگی میں تبدیلی آتی ہے تو آپ کا وزن یقینا کم ہونے لگتا ہے اور یہ فرق ایک ماہ کے عرصے میں ہی دیکھنے میں آتا ہے۔

ایک سے دو کلو
جہاں تک کثرت کرنے کا سوال ہے تو اس میں دو فیصلہ کن مراحل شامل ہیں ایک تو یہ کہ فلاں شخص کو کتنا وزن کم کرنا ہے اور دوسرے یہ کہ اس کے جسم کی مناسبت سے اس کی کثرت کی شدت کیا ہو گی۔ ماہرین کے خیال میں ایک سے دو کلو وزن ایک مہینے میں کم کرنا ایک قابل حصول ٹارگٹ ہے، جس میں ہفتے میں تین دن کی تربیت اور وزن کم کرنے اور ایب پر توجہ دینے کی ضرورت ہے اور اگلے تین روز تک کارڈیو سرگرمیاں جن میں زمبا، تیراکی، ٹینس اور رقص کرنا شامل ہے اس سارے عمل میں خود کو متحرک رکھنے کے لئے اتنا یقین رکھیں کہ آپ جو کچھ بھی کر رہے ہیں اس سے آپ کو لطف حاصل ہے۔ باقاعدہ غذا اور ورک لوڈ کی شدت آپ کی غیر ضروری چربی کم کرنے میں مدد دے گی۔

دو سے چار کلو
جہاں تک جسمانی کثرت کا سوال ہے تو ایک ماہ میں دو سو چار کلو وزن کم کرنے کے لئے منصوبہ بندی کریں، دن کا آغاز لائم واٹر سے کریں، میٹھی اشیاءکے استعمال پر دھیان دیں، اضافی گھی اور چینی ترک کر دیں، روزانہ پیدل چلیں یا دوڑ لگائیں تو آپ کا وزن یقینا کم ہو گا، لیکن جب آپ دوبارہ اپنی پرانی روش اپنا لیں گے تو آپ محسوس کریں گے کہ آپ اپنا کھویا ہوا وزن پھر سے حاصل کر رہے ہیں۔ ایک فٹنس ماہر کے مطابق اسےYo Yo SAYNDROMEکہتے ہیں۔ ایک ماہ میں تین کلو سے زیادہ وزن کم کرنا صحت کے لئے ٹھیک نہیں ہے۔ ہمیں وزن کم کرنے کے لئے ایسی منصوبہ بندی کرنی چاہئے، جس کے تحت اپنی چربی کم کر سکیں جس میں مختلف اقسام کی ورزش مثلاً پش اَپ، فری ہینڈ اور ایب وغیرہ شامل ہیں، ترتیب دینی چاہئیں وزن کم رکھنے کا ایک اور طریقہ یہ بھی ہے کہ صبح کے وقت کثرت کی جائے اور شام کو حاضمے کے لئے کارڈیو سرگرمیاں جاری رکھی جائیں۔

تین سے پانچ کلو
تین سے پانچ کلو وزن ایک ماہ میں کم کرنا خاصا مشکل کام ہے اس کے لئے پہلے ہفتے لچک، استحکام اور تعاون پر دھیان لگائیں، پش اَپس، لنگز، رسہ پھلانگنا اور پہاڑ پر چڑھنے کی ورزش جاری رکھیں اگلے ہفتے مختلف دنوں کے حساب سے دیگر جسمانی اعضاءکی تربیت جاری رکھیں۔

غذا
اپنے آپ کو روکیں کہ ایک ہزار کیلوریز والی خوراک نہ کھائی جائے، صبح کے وقت ایک کپ چائے بغیر چینی کے لیں۔ بعد ازاں ناشتے میں کم فیٹ والے دودھ کا ایک گلاس لیں، دوپہر کے وقت ایک چپاتی کم گھی والی پکی ہوئی سبزی کے ساتھ کھائیں اور ساتھ سلاد ضرور کھائیں۔ شام کو ایک چائے کا کپ پئیں جس میں چینی نہ ہو، ایک سینڈوچ بغیر مکھن کے کھائیں جبکہ رات کے کھانے میں سوپ اور سلاد استعمال کریں، لیکن اپنی غذا کے بارے میں کسی ماہر کی رائے ضرور لیں، وزن کم کرنے کے مراحل میں پروٹین شیک غذا بھی مددگار ثابت ہو گی۔

The Reviver (Mujaddid) of the 14th Century
AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan (Alayhir Rahmah)



Imam Ahmed Rida Khan [d. 1340h/1921 CE] was a champion of the Sunni World in the twentieth century as he defended the belief system of Sunni Muslims and rejected the false and deviant ways head on with support from the greatest Ulama worldwide.

He restored the deen to its original state in India when falsehood was being mixed with the truth and people were confused about Sunni beliefs and practices. Such a person is known as a “Mujaddid”.

Hadrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings upon him) said:


“There will always be in my Ummah a group who safeguard the truth until Qiyamah comes” [Hakim’s Mustadrak]

Hadrat Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates the Noble Prophet (upon him peace and blessings) said:


“Allah shall send for this Ummah at the head of every hundred years a person who shall revive their Deen for them”




Family History


Imam Ahmed Rida son of Mufti Naqi ‘Ali son of Mufti Muhammad Rida. He was born in a scholarly family on the 10th of Shawwal (1856 CE) in Bareilly, India.

His forefathers were originally from Kandahar, Afghanistan, and migrated to and settled in India.

Studies & Discipleship

Imam Ahmed Rida studied twenty one traditional Islamic sciences under his father, and mastered over fifty traditional sciences most of which were poured into his heart from Allah Almighty as he mentioned in al-Ijaazat al-Mateenah.

He wrote his first ever fatwa on 14th Sha’ban 1286h on an issue of fostering (when he was only 13 years, 10 months and 4 days old!)

Imam Ahmed Rida took his spiritual pledge (bay’ah/ahd) and received khilafah in various Sufi pathways from his spiritual teacher , Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Rasul Ahmadi from Marehrah, India, in 1296H.




Travels to Hajj

First Hajj: In 1295h (1878 CE), at the age of 22, the great Imam traveled to perform Hajj with his father where he received Ijazahs (licenses to teach) in the traditional sciences from the great scholars of Makkah such as Sayyid Ahmad Zayni Dahlan and Mufti Abdullah bin Abd ar-Rahman Siraaj.

Event: It is narrated that Imam Ahmed Rida was near Maqam Ibrahim after Maghrib salah one evening that the Shafi’I Imam of Masjid al-Haraam Shaykh Salih Jamal al-Layl Makki (d.1320h/1884) greeted him and said: “I swear by Allah, I can see the light of Allah shine in your forehead” and presented Ijazahs to him.

Second Hajj: In 1323h (1950 CE), Imam Ahmed Rida travelled to the Two Holy sanctuaries for the second time in company of his brother, Mawlana Hassan Raza Khan and son, Mawlana Hamid Raza Khan.

Event: He wrote a book called “Al-Dawlah al-Makkiyyah” in Arabic in this journey in just over eight hours without using any books on a question proposed to him by the Sharif of Makkah on the Noble Prophet ‘s (may Allah give him peace and blessings) knowledge of the unseen (ilm al-gayb). This work received a tremendous acceptance in its recital gathering in the presence of the Sharif which was attended by the prominent scholars of the time.

In the same journey, he had numerous meetings of knowledge and circles with the great Ulama who were either teaching, living or traveling in Hijaz. He produced a number of books in Arabic due to these sittings and circles, among them are:

Hussam al-Haramayn (Sword of the Two Holy Sanctuaries on the throat of disbelief and falsehood)his famous work in defence of the Sunni beliefs and refutation of deviant groups that had blasphemed Allah and His Messenger.

Al-Ijaazat al-MateenahHis licenses to the scholars of Makkah and Madinah and letters to them

Kiflul FaqihFatwa on the legal status of the bank note in Islamic law

All three of the above mentioned books made Imam Ahmed Rida very popular in the holy lands of Hijaz, Syria and Yemen.






What his contemporary Arab scholars said about Him?

Major scholars of Makkah and Madinah praised him lavishly for his knowledge and piety. He was called:

“The absolute Shaykh of all teachers” by Shaykh Ismail Makki, Libarian of Makkah Haram Library

“The encyclopaedia of all sciences” by Shaykh ‘Ali bin Hassan Maliki, Mufti of Makkah city

“A giant Imam and well learned man who is an expert in the sciences” by Shaykh Yusuf Nabhani, Mujaddid of Sham & Mufti of Lebanon.

[See: Al-Dawlah al-Makkiyyah & Hussamul Haramayn for more]




His Principles (Manhaj)


1. Love of Allah and His Messenger is before anything & everything

He said “If my heart was ever divided into two parts, one of them would have written on it “laa ilaaha illAllah” and on the other “Muhammadur Rasulullah”!!

2. Defending the Honour of the Noble Messenger (upon him peace & blessings)

He did not tolerate blasphemy (disrespect) of the Noble Messenger or of the pious companions or Awliya and stood strongly against the corrupted groups of his time for this reason.

3. Education and transmission of authentic knowledge

He was a dedicated teacher and some of the greatest Ulama of India were his students, among them are:

  • His two sons, Hujjatul Islam (Proof of Islam) Hamid Rida Khan & Mufti-e-Azam Hind (the grand Mufti of India), Mustafa Rida Khan
  • Sadrus Shariah (Front line scholar of Islamic Law): Amjad Ali al-A’zami
  • Malik al-Ulema (King of the Ulama): Zafaruddin Bihari
  • Sayyid Muhammad Muhadith-e-Kachouchwi
  • Qutb-e-Madina: Ziya’uddin Ahmad al-Madani & others
4. Self-Purification

He followed the spiritual path (tariqa) of Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani and loved all the Sufiya (Awliya). He made thousands repent from sins in his gatherings  and his entire life was spent purifying hearts and summoning people to Allah Almighty

5. Praise of the Messenger through writing and poems

His Durood-o-Salam is recited all over the world after Jum’ua and at the ends of religious events in mosques and homes like the Qasidah Burdah. His most famous book of Na’ats is called “Hada’iq-e-Bakshish” containing some of the finest praises of Allah and of His chosen people.

6. Following the Sunnah of the Messenger (upon him peace & blessings) to the smallest detail

The character of the Noble Messenger (upon him peace & blessings) was imprinted in Imam Ahmed Rida’s life. He staunchly practised the Sunnah and so did his disciples and students.

7. Uncompromising defence of the Ahlus-Sunnah beliefs and practises

He authored more than two hundred books on the teachings of the Ahlus-Sunnah and their defence.




His Books

Imam Ahmed Rida wrote more than a thousand books and commentaries in more than 55 sciences. A list of about 350 books is available titled “al-Mujmal al Mu’addid”. A bulky 12 volume Hanafi fatwa collection: “Fataawa-e-Ridawiyyah” in Urdu/Arabic was recently published in Lahore (Pakistan) with an index in 33 volumes! His Fataawa are an ocean of knowledge and wisdom.

The Sunni Muslims of the sub-continent (India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan) remember the great Imam for his service to the Ahlus-Sunnah and consider him a saviour when the Sunni-way was at threat.



His Demise and Burial

Imam Ahmed Rida passed away on 28th October 1921 CE (25th Safar 1340h) at the age of 65, in his home at Jumu’ah time when the mu’adhin was saying “come to success” leaving behind two sons, Mowlana Hamid Raza and Mufti Mustafa Raza, and five daughters.

People from all over the world visit his blessed shrine in Bareilly Shareef every year on 25th Safar and attend the annual khatam (Blessed URS).

The great grandson who takes care of the affairs of the school of Imam Ahmed Rida in Bareilly is Mufti Akhtar Rida Khan, a fine scholar and graduate of al-Azhar University in Egypt. He is now visually impaired yet still teaches and dictates translations to books in Arabic and English, with good knowledge of English. May Allah preserve him and grant health.






There are giants in America! Some of them are thousands of years old, and most are hundreds of years old! These are the Sequoia trees of California and Oregon. Commonly known as "Redwood", they're the tallest living creatures in the world, reaching heights of 379.3 feet (115.61m)! The oldest tree in the world is the General Sherman, located in the Sequoia National Park and is estimated to be between 2300 and 2700 years old! Join me on a walk among these incredible, yet gentle, giants.
When travelling in a redwood forest, one must remember to look up from time to time. The trees feel like they go up forever, ending in distant canopies. The sky, intermittently appear, looking more distant than you've ever seen them. The sight is breathtaking.

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Standing at the feet of these giants, sensing the ancient life, flowing in their branches and bark, one cannot but feel less significant, yet inspired.

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A resident of the forest, this grizzly bear is taking a break during the cold, foggy morning.

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When visiting the Big Basin Redwood State Park, a trip to Sempervirens Falls is mandatory. The falls are magnificent, instilling a sense of calm on the viewer…

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Overgrown with moss and nestled between ferns and creepers, this lone Big Leaf Maple tree looks like it came out of a fairytale.

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Early risers have a chance to see this amazing view. In the right time of day, the sun's angle, combined with a light fog, provides the lucky hiker with such a sight.

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If your hike lasts until the early evening, you can enjoy the spectacular colors the forest dons at sunset.

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A stroll along the many paths might take you along a creek, decorated with natural bridges. Don't be tempted to use them, as the wood is often rotten and will give way to your weight…

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This man is climbing one of the biggest trees on the planet. The trees are located in "The Grove of Titans", whose location is kept secret to minimize human visits to the area, and preserve the ecosystem.

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The Stout Grove in the Jedediah Smith State Redwood Park is an incredible spot to visit. The 44-acre plot was donated by Mrs. Clara Stout in 1929 to the "Save the Redwoods" foundation. 

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The otherworldly Fern Canyon is a ravine, covered from top to bottom with ferns and creepers. Located in the Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, it was chosen by Steven Spielberg for the filming of Jurrasic Park: The Lost World.

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These "bumps" on the tree trunks are tumors, caused by bacterial infections.

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Walk along the James Irvine Trail in the Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park during sunset, and you might be lucky enough to experience this perfect moment…

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The Lost Monarch, one of the ancient trees in The Grove of Titans. The third-largest tree in the world, its location is kept secret to preserve it.

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This walkway, located in the Muir Woods National Monument, seems as if it was taken out of a fantasy book.

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The Cathedral Tree in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park got its amazing, clustered shape thanks to the sequoia's incredible will to survive. The original tree fell hundreds of years ago, but its limbs started growing up, eventually becoming the Cathedral Tree. All of the trees in the cluster are genetically identical!

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Sometimes, getting some perspective is important… This picture was taken in the Humboldt Redwoods State Park in California, and the sheer size of these gigantic trees is enough to make your head spin…

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The forest floor is often blanketed in old leaves, ferns and creepers. This beauty can also be quite treacherous, hiding branches, rocks and holes in the ground that can trip the unwary hiker.

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Remember – I said you should look up once in a while…

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Sometimes, no words are needed…

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The Grove of Titans still bears the scars of century-old fires, but nature has a way of slowly healing.

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Thought to be the most scenic redwood route in the world, Stout Grove is wonderfully photogenic.

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As you stroll through the Muir Woods, you'll probably come across this spectacular corner. Be sure to take your time and enjoy the earthly smell, the gorgeous green canopy and the silence of the woods.

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Along the Prairie creek, you'll find moss and trillium, who's silky white bloom comes in the spring, turning the green bed into a virginal white dress…

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John Muir once said: "The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness."

The Unmovable Giants of North America


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